Reasons Why 1900 Buganda Agreement Was Signed

Unlike the treaties of 1893 and 1894, the Ugandan Convention of 1900 included clear borders of the Kingdom of Uganda, a land ownership system and a tax policy. [3] The Uganda Herald newspaper of 14 August 1914 reproduced the oath: “I Daudi Chwa, I swear that I will serve our sovereign lord King George V well and truly in Kabaka`s office in Buganda and I will be right according to the law and the use of the protectorate of Uganda, without fear or favor, affection of goodwill. This is how God helps me. The British wanted not only to be the masters of the kingdom and its people, but also to have a say in the next Kabaka. After the death of Kabaka, his successor was elected by a majority of votes in the Lukiiko Council or the Original Council. The name of the person elected by the Council of Mothers must be submitted for approval by Her Majesty`s Government and no person may be recognized as Kabaka by Uganda whose election has not received the approval of Her Majesty`s Government,” Article 6 continues. Prior to the signing of the agreement, The Kabaka of Buganda chose its officials without consultation. The three regents – Sir Apollo Kaggwa, Zakaria Kisingiri and Stanislas Mugwanya – then signed on behalf of Chwa, while Sir Harry Johnson signed on behalf of King Edward VII. In accordance with Article 6 of the agreement, Kabakaship ceded its authority and power to the colonialists. As long as Kabaka, the chiefs and the people of Uganda comply with the laws and regulations established for their organization and management of the Kingdom of Uganda in question, Her Majesty`s Government agrees to recognize Kabaka as the indigenous ruler of Buganda province under the protection and rule of Her Majesty,” Article 6 of the agreement states. Taxes on shacks and weapons have been introduced. Each cottage on a farm was taxed at four rupees a year, while each person who owned a gun paid three rupees a year, in accordance with Article 12 of the agreement. For the first time, the Kabaka and its leaders are expected to earn an annual salary from Her Majesty`s government.

Article 6 dealt with Kabaka`s payments to the chief of Sazza. This was a new development in the Ganda administration. The three regents were entitled to $400 a year until the young king woke up. Kabaka is expected to receive $400 a year, Sazza bosses $200, three state officials — prime minister, chief judge and treasurer — $300 each, while Namasole (Chwa`s mother) is expected to receive $50. It was an annual tax on the shack and the arms tax. Officials of the Kingdom. Regent Stanislas Mugwanya (middle) with other Buganda chiefs in the 1890s, during the reign of Kabaka Daudi Chwa II. The regents and chiefs were beneficiaries of the distribution of land under the De Buganda Agreement of 1900, which rewarded them for their collaboration with the British.

FILE PHOTO Daudi Chwa, who was a minor at the signing of the agreement, said when he reached the age of majority, that British control has watered down his authority. My current position is so early that I am no longer the direct leader of my people.

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